Do you need all the basics of a good research summary gathered and turned into one actually helpful guide? You’re in the right place then, just keep reading. With these overwhelming little tips and tricks online, that don’t really help, it’s easy to get lost and fail an important paperwork. Here we explained everything you need to know for solid A+.
Follow these simple steps for the perfect research summary
#1 Define the length and purpose
A research summary is a general overview of a study, written to provide the reader with the content of the paper (sometimes without reading it). When you create a summary, ask a teacher/inspector about the paper length, or judge upon the purpose of your work. It can be quite brief consisting of few sentences when you want to use it as a reference. With your main paper you provide the context and a summary of some article just helps to prove your viewpoint. No need to analyse the whole experiment, maybe you'll interested in some advice on common mistakes down below. But when working with lt, an article you have to represent later or do a review of, the summary tend to be longer and more detailed, having as a minimum 300 words.
#2 Identify original article structure
Since it can be long, reading the whole thing at once will leave you with nothing but too much information all mixed in your head. By cutting it into sections you’ll be able to take a little bit out of everything and create all inclusive summary. A research article includes:
- Title (that will also be your paper title);
- Abstract (a very brief overview of the research, which is not sufficient to rely only on);
- Introduction section (where you can find the purpose of the research and hypothesis);
- Methodology section (research design);
- Results section (tells about the findings);
- Discussion (explains the results and their importance for supporting or not supporting the hypothesis; notice, hypothesis is supposition, not an axiom, you can't “prove”, but only “support” it);
#3 Study the article
Make sure you understand what you're working with. So, you'll create a good text for the reader. Use different tables or charts attached to the article, as they visualize the results and may help you to comprehend information. When you’re well informed upon the subject you’ll feel confident concerning your work. As soon as you read the research article and get the point, 50% of the work is done. Plan the time, don’t try to catch some main phrases or read only the abstract. Otherwise, you'll end up having either a wrong understanding or no understanding whatsoever. Trying to rewrite main expressions without expressing your take on the article is clearly noticeable and will count as plagiarism. Yes, it’ll take time, but good job is never done fast.
#4 Make a draft
Preliminary plan will help you not to miss key points and build your own summary. You should write in the similar with research article order. Go from one paragraph to another, taking needed information out of each and incorporating it into your summary draft. It should include the main points:
- Purpose of the study (why it’s interesting or important to bring up) and hypothesis.
- How the experiment/test was held and what methods were used;
- Findings and results.
- Explanation of the results (don't rewrite original research article explanation, although you can use it, most of the interpretation should be yours).
- Results and hypothesis connection.
You have to find out a hypothesis being accurate in the experiment or not. Don't try to do everything in order if you clearly have difficulties with some points. You may start with description first and leave personal opinion part for later when you'll have all the information of the research studied and collected in mind.
#5 Editing and final work
You may have experienced it already when everything seem to be right, but somehow you manage to get a low mark. Stylistic mistakes also count. Taking them into account will make the work sound professional like research paper from essay writing service. There are few things to bear in mind in order to level up your summary:
- If you print your work, include a separate title page with regular information (your name, class, teacher’s name etc.), summary page(s) and references page (according to the APA style). You can also add the copy of the 1st page of the original research.
- Since summary should follow scientific style of writing, it shouldn’t include emotionally charged language or unnecessary words (for example, the adverbs). Use distinct statements without unclear expressions.
- Avoid direct quotes, but paraphrase and cite the author’s name and publication’s year in brackets.